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备考2016考英语(全国卷)答题技巧和答题规范:PART4短文改错解题技巧 ...

2017-11-23 14:20发布者:土木文化查看:500评论:200

摘要:PART4 短文改错解题技巧 一、短文改错常见考点设置: 1.考点设置之名词 命题特点:本来用复数,却用单数.改正方法:(1)根据名词前的修饰限定成份;(2)根据上下文的逻辑关系. 详解: 1)She said that she and my schoolm ...

PART4  短文改错解题技巧

一、短文改错常见考点设置:

1.考点设置之名词

命题特点:本来用复数,却用单数.改正方法:(1)根据名词前的修饰限定成份;(2)根据上下文的逻辑关系.

详解:

1She said that she and my schoolmate all wished mesuccess.schoolmate改为schoolmates

2 After class we become stranger at once.stranger改为strangers

3)They want me to devote all my time to my studies so that Ill getmarks in all my subject.subject改为subjects

4 On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was sobeautiful.picture改为pictures

5) There are advantage for students to work while studying atschool.advantage改为advantages

6He had no ideas that the kitchen was not forguests.ideas改为idea

7) I looked at his other hands. hands改为hand

2.考点设置之代词

命题特点:1.女性代词指代男性或相反;2.单数指代复数;3.代词词性误用。

改正方法:联系上下文的逻辑关系。

代词的错误特点:1.人称代词的偷换错误 2. 缺少人称代词的错误

3. 人称代词数的一致问题 4. 人称代词格的一致问题

详解:

The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.(his改为their)

I have a good friend whos name is Liu Mei.( whos改为whose)

It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain. Thethree of them were very excited.them改为us

Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learningto express me in simple English .me改为myself

One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher.showed后加it

Some students may also save up for our college or future use.our改为their

3.考点设置之介词

命题特点及改正方法:介词涉及搭配错误,因此可从以下方面确定错误:1)介词的基本用法;2)习惯搭配;3)动词词类确定错误,如talk,serve, wait等。

介词短语常常考,固定搭配要记牢。介词后边跟宾语,结合语境细推敲。

详解:

We do not seem to get much time to talk abouttogether.(去掉about

I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched thepillow. (去掉at

The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and triedto translate anything into

English.(去掉was后的in

Well talk with our plan for the weekend overdinner.with改为about

I am writing to thank you with your kind help. with改为for

He was looking for a glass the cupboard. glass后加in

Each these lines stands for a trouble in my life. each后加of

4.考点设置之时态

命题特点及改正方法:现在时与过去时的误用,句中一般没有时间状语。每年都考。要注意联系上下文,着眼于整个语篇的时态。通常整篇都是过去,突然一个句子用现在时。其中又以一般现在时和过去时互改为多。

详解:

They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devoteall my time to my studies

so that…(did改为do

The time passes quickly. Evening came.passes改为passed

She liked it very much and reads it to the class.reads改为read

I dont know that they dont like to talk with me. Sometimes, wetalked to each other very well in class.talked改为talk

I will write again and send you the photos we taketogether.take改为took

We had guests last night who have not stayed in a B&B hotelago.have改为had

5.and\but\or误用及前后不一致

命题特点:主要考查andorbutso等并列连词的误用。

改正方法;1)根据句意确定误; 2)根据句子的逻辑关系确定错误。

详解:

She is smiling at me but nodding at me.but改为and

It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and aguest.and改为or

The food was expensive and the service was good.and改为but

ame into the living room and saw one of them just go through thekitchen door but turn on the light.but改为and

We fed monkeys, visiting temples and toldstories.visiting改为visited

She liked it very much and reads it to the class.reads改为read

6.考点设置之从句连词

命题特点及改正方法:句子结构方面的错误主要涉及句子成份和复合句的关联词等。解答这类题从以下方面来思考:1)句子结构是否完整,成份是否冗缺;2)从句的关系词或引导词的运用是否得当等。

详解:

It was about noon we arrived at the foot of themountain.noon后加when

I dont know that they dont like to talk with me.that改为why

The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and triedto translate everything into

English.(去掉that前的in

Earning their own money allows them to spend on anything as if theyplease.(去掉if

They did not want breakfast because that they were going out earlyin the morning.(去掉that

7.考点设置之冠词

命题特点及改正方法:英语中冠词只有三个,只能从以下几个方向出题:1)不定冠词aan<span jiathis_style_24x24"="" style="word-wrap: break-word;margin-top: 0px;padding: 0px;font-size: 13px;font-family: 宋体"> 0