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备考2016考英语(全国卷)答题技巧和答题规范:PART2完形填空解题技巧 ...

2017-11-23 14:20发布者:土木文化查看:500评论:200

摘要:PART2 完形填空解题技巧 一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择 首句一般不设空。因此我们应重视首句,并利用首句预测短文的问题和全文内容。 1. I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was _______and ...


PART2  完形填空解题技巧

一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择

首句一般不设空。因此我们应重视首句,并利用首句预测短文的问题和全文内容。

1. I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was _______and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be anything but afailure. ”

A. bright B. useless C. simple D. hopeful

2. Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listeningto the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her firstconcert. She had been waiting for this moment for years and years.“Now it is here at last,” she thought. “How beautiful her 1is.”

The song made her go back to the days when she was Lauren’s age. Asa young girl, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied 2in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine 3in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be prepared tostudy hard and work for many years.

1. A. voice B. face C. dress D. life

2. A. French B. music C. piano D. dance

3. A. actress B. student C. singer D. dancer

二、根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题

1. Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was .He never criticized us, but used _____ to bring out our best.

A. strict B. honest C. special D. learned

A. help B. peace C. smile D. praise

2. His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt andtrousers. Although his family often _____ about that, Ed refused tobuy a ______T-shirt or to lose weight.

A. cared B. forgot C. quarreled D. joked

A. clean B. straight C. larger D. darker

三、利用语篇标志解题

常见语篇标志词语:结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly;逻辑关系:thus, therefore,so;递进关系:besides, whats more, further;转折关系:but, while, however, onthe other hand等。

She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n) ___ vacation, butwas heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film shehad not yet developed.

A. disappointing B. wonderful C. uncomfortable D. important

因此,我们要善于找出(“三找”):

一找——逻辑关系题(转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、递进)

二找——NOT(在原文中找not

三找——AND(在原文中找and

四、根据逻辑推理解题

and the officers then began to eat their meal, saying that themushrooms had a very strange _______ quite pleasant taste.

A. besides B. but C. and D. or

五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择

The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in theworld. Owning springs and streams sometimes means control,particularly in the _____ areas like the desert.

Adry Bdistant Cdeserted Dwild

六、从语法角度来解题

I went into a café and asked for a coffee.________ I was waitingfor my drink, I realized that there were other people in the place,but I sensed loneliness.

ABefore BSince CAlthough DWhile

2. Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you werelonely, or said you were in love, and then _____ later you had keptyour mouth shut?

A. wished B. hoped C. blamed D. shared

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句had kept是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。

七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题

He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming _____. So heshouldn’t have gone into that place.

A.after all B. in all C.at all D. for all

八、从词语辨析的角度来解题

When, two weeks later, I ______this same boy, I was more aware ofmy position in Nigerian society. I should enjoy this country as theson of a minister.

A. ran after B. ran into C. ran over D. ran to

九、根据找复现同现解题

(一)复现

复现是一种词汇衔接手段,它通过原词、同义词、反义词、上义词、下义词、同源词或同根词等形式,重复出现来表达某一概念,使整篇文章上下连贯,有机地衔接在一起。因此,考生可根据文章的具体情况,理解文章的结构和语境,利用文章中的复现现象来选择正确答案。

(1)原词复现:为了表达的需要,在具体的上下文中同一个单词重复出现。如:

All of a sudden I started to feel rather ______. She wondered why Iwas looking for this sort of ______. I felt even more helpless whenshe told me that it would be difficult to get a job withoutexperience.

A. encouraged B. dissatisfied C. helpless D. pleased

A. place B. job C. advice D. help

(2)同义词、近义词复现:同义词、近义词复现是借助意思相同或相近的表达方式,或解释性的语言使上下文的语义得以连接起来。如:

That is what a hobby means, I guess. It is something we like to doin our spare time simply for the ______ of it. The value in dollarsis not important; we do it for the pleasure it gives us.

A. benefit B. good C. fun D. interest

(3)反义词复现:语意的连贯有时是通过对比结构而采用反义复现的手段,或者是以反义的方式对前文加以解释,考生可以从反义的角度判断正确的选项。如:

Forcing yourself to recall almost never helps because it doesn’t______ your money;it only tightens it.

A. loosen  B. weaken  C. decrease  D. reduce

(4)同源词复现:对于上下文语义复现的表达,还可借助复现信息的同源词或同根词。如:

Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning liewith the students. If a long reading assignment is given, theinstructors expect students to be familiar with the information inthe reading……When research is _________, the professor expects thestudent to take it actively and to complete it with minimumguidance.

A. collected  B. assigned  C. distributed  D. finished

(5)上义词复现:上义词具有概括的作用。在篇章中,有时为了表达的需要,作者会先概述,再分述。概述时用的为上义词,分述则用比较具体的下义词,两者为总分关系。如:

Other times, he would join student groups to discuss a variety of :agriculture, diving and mathematics.

A. questions B. subjects C. matters D. contents

(二)同现

同现指意义上相互联系的单词同时出现在同一句话或同一语篇中,以确保语篇的和谐性、得体性。由于单词意义的差别、所使用的语境不同,因此所使用的上下文也各有差异。

(1)场所同现:

On days, she wore heavy clothes and a pair of woolen gloves.

A. sunny B. rainy C. cloudy D. snowy

(2)修饰同现:

Although these wide modern roads are generally _______ and wellmaintained, with little sharp curves and many straight ________, adirect route is not always the most enjoyable one.

A. stable   B. smooth C. splendid   D. complicated

A. selections   B. separations   C. series    D. sections

(3)因果同现:

Hooray!” shouted the crowd. It was the loudest I had ever heard ata meeting.The first-place runner was two laps ahead of me when shecrossed the finishing line.

A. cheer B. shout C. cry D. noise

(4)结构同现:

Sometimes he would invite a student to a game of chess. , he wouldjoin student groups to discuss a variety of subjects: agriculture,diving, mathematics.

A. As a matter of fact B. Later on C. Other times D. In general

(5)同义同现:

If a student has problem with classroom work, the student shouldeither _______ a professor during office hours or make anappointment.

A. greet  B. attach  C. approach  D. annoy